Roman lamps were very simple devices, consisting of an oil chamber and a projecting nozzle. Olive oil, the fuel most often used, was introduced through a filling- hole in the top of the chamber and a wick, normally of linen, was inserted into a wick- hole pierced in the nozzle.
The original of this fired clay lamp was made from a two- piece mould. The base has an impressed planta pedis or maker's mark possibly with the letters CCLOD indicating that the lamp came from the workshop of Caius Clodius, a lampmaker working in Italy. Roman, AD 40-70.
To fill the lamp pour olive oil through the hole in the well of the lamp. Allow the wick to soak up oil for a few minutes before lighting. Stand the lamp in a saucer or on a small plate to avoid staining.