The Hajj: Collected Essays is major multi-disciplinary study of the history and significance of the Hajj (the Muslim annual pilgrimage to Mecca).
The 29 essays in this volume are the result of a conference that was held in conjunction with the British Museum's critically acclaimed exhibition, Hajj: journey to the heart of Islam.
This volume provides over thirty papers on the history and significance of the Hajj, spanning history, politics, archaeology, pilgrims’ journeys, art, architecture, photography and material culture.
A key reference for anyone with an academic or personal interest in the Hajj.
Venetia Porter is curator of Islamic Art and Modern Middle Eastern art at the British Museum. Her publications include Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam (ed.), The Art of Hajj, Word into Art and Arabic and Persian Seals and Amulets in the British Museum.
Liana Saif is curator of the Hajj Legacy Project at the British Museum. She holds a doctorate in Intellectual History from Birkbeck College (University of London) and a Masters degree in Renaissance Studies. Her research focuses on the history of Islamic influences on Europe particularly in the fields of philosophy and esotericism.
Preface by Nasser D. Khalili
Introduction by Venetia Porter
Religion, Early History and Politics
1. ‘The Religious and Social Importance of Hajj’, Muhammad Abdel Haleem
2. ‘The Hajj before Muhammad: Journeys to Mecca in Muslim narratives of Pre-Islamic History’, Peter Webb
3. ‘The official Announcement of an Umayyad Caliph’s Successful Pilgrimage to Mecca’, Harry Munt
By Land and Sea: Archaeology, Hajj Routes and Ships
4. ‘The lost Fort of Mafraq and the Syrian Hajj Route in the 16th century’, Andrew Petersen
5. ‘Trade and the Syrian Hajj between the 12th and the early 20th Centuries: Historical and Archaeological Perspectives’ Marcus Millwright
6. ‘Royal Ottoman Inscriptions on the Istanbul to Mecca Pilgrimage Route (Darb al-Hajj al-Shami)’, Mehmet Tütüncü
7. ‘From Iraq to the Hijaz in the Early Islamic Period: History and Archaeology of the Basran Hajj Road and the Way(s) through Kuwait’, Andrew Blair and Brain Ulrich
8. ‘The Khans of the Egyptian Hajj Route in the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods’, Sami Saleh ‘Abd al-Malik (Translated by Liana Saif)
9. ‘A Longing for Mecca: The Trans- Saharan Hajj and the Caravan Towns of West Africa’, Sam Nixon
10. ‘Hajj Ports of the Red Sea: A Historical and Archaeological Overview’, Charles Le Quesne
11. ‘Ships that Sailed the Red Sea in Medieval and Early Modern Islam: Perception and Reception’, Dionisius Agius
Travellers’ Tales and Colonial Histories
12. ‘Travel to Mecca from Southern Oman in the Pre-motorized Period’, Janet C. E. Watson
13. ‘The Rail Hajjis: The Trans-Siberian Railway and the Long Way to Mecca’, Nile Green
14. ‘The Colonial Hajj: France and Algeria, 1830- 1962’, Benjamin Claude Brower
15. ‘The Hajj and the Raj: From Thomas Cook to Bombay’s Protector of Pilgrims’, John Slight
16. ‘Pilgrim Pioneers: Britons on Hajj before 1940’, William Facey
17. ‘Eldon Rutter and the Modern Hajj Narrative’, Michael Wolfe
The Material and Contemporary Culture of Hajj
18. ‘Architectural “influence” and the Hajj’, Jonathan M Bloom
19. ‘Depictions of the Haramayn on Ottoman tiles: Content and Context’ , Charlotte Maury
20. ‘Inscribing the Hajj’, Sheila Blair
21. ‘Weaving for the Hajj under the Mamluks’, Maria Sardi
22. ‘Dar al-Kiswa al-Sharifa: Administration and Production’, Nahla Nassar
23. ‘The Textiles Made for the Prophet’s Mosque at Medina: A Preliminary Study of their Origins, History and Style’, Muhammad H. Al Mojan (translated by Liana Saif)
24. ‘The Mahmal Revisited’, Venetia Porter
25. ‘An Early Photograph of the Egyptian Mahmal in Mecca: Reflections on Intellectual Property and Modernity in the work of C. Snouck Hurgronje’, Arnoud Vrolijk
26. ‘The Islamic Pilgrimage in the Manuscript Literatures of Southeast Asia’, Jan Just Witkam
27. ‘Ottoman-period Manuscripts from the Haramayn’, Tim Stanley
28. ‘Souvenirs and Gifts : Collecting Modern Hajj’, Qasira M. Khan
29. ‘Organizing Hajj - going from Contemporary Britain: A Changing Industry, Pilgrim Markets and the Politics of Recognition’, Seán McLoughlin