Thursday 6 October, 16.00 BP Lecture Theatre Free, booking essential
Pilgrimage to Mecca (the Hajj) is the fifth pillar of Islam – an obligation stated in the Koran for every Muslim sound of body and mind, and with adequate means. In this talk, Claudine Dauphin, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, discusses recent fieldwork investigating the archaeology of two two pilgrim roads in Jordan, running 425km from the Syrian border to the Saudi Arabian frontier. Using RAF aerial photographs of 1953, and applying modern archaeological methods, the main Hajj road was plotted, and six medieval and twelve Ottoman camps and caravanserais were discovered. This study allows us to reconstruct the natural landscapes of Hajj pilgrim resting places in Jordan as ‘sacred landscapes’ – a first in Islamic landscape archaeology.