This sculpture is based on the one found in the tomb of Tutankhamen, and is unusual in that it depicts Anubis as a full jackal.
Anubis was the original Egyptian God of the dead (a role which was later associated with Osiris), and usually appeared as a man with the head of a jackal.
More about Anubis
Anubis had many tasks to perform such as watching over the mummification process to ensure that all is done properly and conducting the souls through the underworld, as well as testing their knowledge of the gods and their faith.
In Egyptian mythology, Anubis would place the heart on the Scales of Justice during the Judging of the Heart, to determine the worthiness of the deceased to enter the realm of the dead. The god of the dead and underworld is probably associated with the jackal as the jackal would scavenge the Egyptian cemeteries looking for food. Jackals are usually associated with wolves and the domestic dog.
Jackals are not usually black in colour so it is believed the Egyptians portrayed Anubis as black as this was the colour of rotting flesh and the black soil of the Nile.