Nefertiti 1370 BC - 1330 BC was the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten. She was made famous by her bust, now in Berlin's Altes Museum, reproduced here. The bust is one of the most copied works of ancient Egypt.
Nefertiti and her husband were known for changing Egypt's religion from a polytheistic religion to a monotheistic religion. They believed in only one god, Aten. She had many titles; for example, at Karnak there are inscriptions that read 'Heiress, Great of Favours, Possessed of Charm, Exuding Happiness, Mistress of Sweetness, beloved one, soothing the king's heart in his house, soft-spoken in all, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt, Great King's Wife, whom he loves, Lady of the Two Lands, Nefertiti'.
Some scholars believe that Nefertiti ruled briefly after her husband's death and before the accession of Tutankhamun as Smenkhkare, although this identification is a matter of ongoing debate.