This sculpture of Thalia, the Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry, is a reproduction of a 2nd century Roman original that resembles Greek models of the late 4th to early 3rd century BC — indicating Roman dependence on Greek originals. The original can be found in the Vatican in Rome.
Thalia was one of the Nine Muses of Greek and Roman Mythology; Muses were believed to be deities (divine rulers) that gave artists, philosophers and individuals the necessary inspiration for creation. In this sculpture Thalia wears an ivy wreath on her head - an emblem of Dionysos, the patron divinity of the theatre.
This statue is undoubtedly the product of a Roman chisel, as it possesses all the characteristics of a Roman copy. That it reproduces a Greek original is most probable, but of that work or its sculptor we have no knowledge. Mention is made in ancient writers of groups of Muses by several eminent sculptors of different epochs.